The carrotmusic business idea is that “we shall offer a wide range of well-designed, perfectly finished musical products at prices so low that as many people as possible will be able to enjoy them.”
Carrotmusic started as a musical instruments dealer in 2009 .We have recently started to produce a series of musical instruments /accessories under our own design.Hopefully carrotmusic musical instruments can become a trusted choice for music lovers worldwide.
A Peach resin glue is similar to an Ejiao (another type of traditional Dizi membrane glue) in preparation. Other alternative such as adhesive stick glue can also be used in putting on Dizi membrane. In this instruction, we’ll be using Peach Resin glue.
Firstly, you’ll need:
- Your Dizi,
- Peach Resin glue in bottle
- Dizi membrane
- Lukewarm Water (Dissolve the resin faster,but cold water will be just fine too)
So let’s start!
You’ll need Peach resin in bottle, Dizi membrane, water and the Dizi.
Open the Peach resin glue bottle
Some of the powder may be clumping due to the nature of natural peach resin. Don’t worry it will not affect the resulting glue.
Ready the water. Lukewarm water dissolve the resin more quickly then cold water. Do not use hot water since the bottle may not withstand extremely high temperature.
A small measuring cup like pyrex is also very handy in this case. Photo credit: Pyrexware
Fill the bottle with around 80% of water (up to the bottle of the bottle’s neck)
Put the cap back on. Make sure it’s closed. Then SHAKE!
Now let the glue dissolve on its own. Sit it in room temperature and the glue will be ready in 8-12 hours.
Once the glue is ready, take out the Dizi and the membrane.
Take out roughly 1.5-2cm of the membrane.
Cut it out.
Carefully open the membrane. (Some Dizi membrane is already cut open, if that’s the case, just skip this step)
Slowly cut the membrane open on one side
Open the cap of the resin glue and get 1-2 drops on your fingertip.
A small amount is enough.
Rub it around the Dizi membrane hole.
Until the glue is quite evenly placed around the hole.
Place the membrane on slowly.
Now the most tricky part. Gently stretch the membrane over the hole. Rub the two sides of the membrane up and down until small ‘wrinkles’ are formed on the membrane.
Now the membrane is ready and you can start playing!
- The ideal Dizi membrane glue should be sticky enough to hold the membrane at the hole but still allow the membrane to be adjusted after it’s placed. If the glue you’re using now stick the membrane ‘firmly’ on to the hole, try looking for alternative with less bonding power.
- The membrane perform best – and hence produce best tones, when it has small ‘wrinkles’ on. Sometimes during playing, the membrane will ‘flat out’ due to the air passing by and affecting the tone of the flute. At those moments, simply re-adjust the membrane. Rub the two sides of it up and down until it present the wrinkles again.
About Dizi Dizi is a chinese trasverse flute and a major wind instrument for solo and in chinese orchestra. The oldest transverse flute was discovered in Jiahu cultural sites of Henan in China (7000-5800 BC, about 9,000 years to the Neolithic period 7,700 years ago).The flute was made from ulna of a crane. The flute discovered has seven holes and is still playable. Nowadays, wind instruments in Chinese music mainly consist of two families -horizontal flutes: ”dizi” and vertical flutes “xiao”. However, vertical flutes – Xiaos/Shakuhachis appeared a lot earlier in history as a common musical instrument. There is a large variety of materials that can be used to craft Dizis. Materials like wood, animal bones, jade, plastic, and many kind of metals are used for Dizi crafting.The most common material for Dizi is bamboo. For bamboos, the major types of bamboo used for Dizis are : “Kuzhu/Bitter bamboo”-Pleioblastus amarus(Keng)Keng f.-the most common material used for Dizi, “Purple/Black bamboo”-Phyllostachys nigra (Lodd.ex Lindl.) Munro ,”Shengfei bamboo”- Phyllostachys bambusoides f. lacrima-deae Keng et Wen. An increasing number of Dizi makers are using rosewood for crafting these days, as wooden Dizis are most resistant to climate/humidity changes compare to bamboo Dizis and thus is more resistant.
Picture 1: Xiangfei Zhu(湘妃竹)
Picture 2: Pleioblastus(苦竹)
Picture 3: Black bamboo(紫竹)
After seven thousand years of modifications, Dizi designs nowadays are a lot more sophisticated and scientific. Basically, soprano Dizis to alto Dizis has 6 finger holes, while bass Dizis has 7-8 finger holes. Double bass flute conist of two membrane holes to enhance the resonance. The most common material for Dizi crafting is pleioblastus. It is mainly abundant in Hangzhou, China. Before being used in crafting,the bamboo must be air-dried for minimum one year. Generally,the longer the bamboo is air-dried for, the better the quality of the material. Some of the flute made by Xiangfei Zhu Phyllostachys bambusoides f. lacrima-deae Keng et Wen 、 ox bone 、 ox horns 、 mahogany 、 Rosewood or PVC, etc. Undoubtedly,different material will produce different tones for the Dizis . As the supply of bitter bamboo – pleioblastus is generally sufficient, and the quality and tone produced by pleioblastus are widely loved and accepted by musicians, bitter bamboo – pleioblastus is still the major material for Dizis.
What type of music can I play with erhu?
You can play all types of music with erhu.More pop songs and bands are mixing traditional instruments into their music too.We’ll provide a detail fingering chart for you so you can play any chinese or western music with your erhu.*Since most chinese music use jianpu notation-numeric notation,we’d also provide resource on how to read basic jianpu too.
There are so many different type of chinese bowed instruments!What is the difference?
Generally we can put all the chinese bowed instruments (huqin) into two groups :the ones that’s used in modern chinese orchestra,and the ones that’s mostly for small ensemble,operas or festival performances.
Huqin used in modern chinese orchestra
- Gaohu — Soprano
- Erhu — alto
- Zhonghu — tenor
- Dai hu — bass
- Gehu — bass
- Bass Gehu — Double bass
Huqin used individually or in small ensembles,operas,festival performances.
- Banhu — originated from western part of china with loud and clear tone
- Yuehu — Used commonly around Suzhou district,produce a soft and sweet tone.
- Ma Tou qin — Commonly seen in mongolia,has a unique look with a horse head at the top of the instrument as decoration
- Jinghu — Used frequently in Beijing opera or as solo/small ensembles,has an very special and clear tone.Soprano instrument.Instrument body made of bamboo rather than wood (commonly used for other huqin)
- Jingerhu — Used in Beijing opera as a alto/tenor part along with the Ginhu.Unlike ginhu,it’s body’s made of wood too.
*There’re many other types of huqin (large number being minority instruments or not as commonly seen district instruments) that we have not included in these two list.Should there be any specific type of huqin you’d like to look for,please let us know.
Q1.I’ve never play a chinese flute,will there be any instructions for me?
A1.Yes!Take a tour in our resource center where you’ll find lots of chinese flutes instructions for you to refer to.In case you couldn’t find what you need,you’re always welcomed to send us a message to enquire!
Q2.Sutting your Dizi
Basic Instruction for Dizi – Chinese horizontal flute
- Firstly,if you have an ‘assemble dizi’- Dizi that’s seperatable into two parts,assemble them slowly and make sure all the finger holes are on the same line. *Next you can check out our new page on “how to put on dizi membrane”!
- Secondly,cut a small piece-about 1.5cm of flute membrane (please note that the membrane should be doubled,cut 1.5cm out and cut the folded part open,and you’ll have a one layer membrane.)
- The second hole from the head is the hole for putting dizi membrane.Prepare a adhesive glue, use a bit of water to mix with the glue, then put the glue liquid evenly around the membrane hole.Put the membrane on to the hole – make sure you do not stretch the membrane too tight ,as they’re very thin and might break.It’s best to put it on to the hole evenly,and you can try to make some “wrinkles”on the membrane by rubbing the two sides gently as to produce the maximum effect.
- Now you can start playing the dizi. The posture and playing method is very similar to the western flute.
Addition note on how to read jianpu
- Chinese music notation usually are numbered notation called jianpu. Usually,you’ll see a note says”1=C” or other letter on the top left corner of the music script.The number 1 means “Do” in western notation,so the note”1=C” means its in C major.
- The number 1,2,3,4,5,6,7, means “Do,Re,Me,Fa,So,La,Si” respectively.While the dot below the number means one octave lower and the dot above the number means one octave higher.For example number 1 without any dotting in C major is middle C in western notation.
- Key signatures, barlines, and time signatures are also employed. Many symbols from Western standard notation, such as bar lines, time signatures, accidentals, tie and slur, and the expression markings are also used.
- The number of dashes following a numeral represents the number of crotchets (4th notes) by which the note extends. The number of underlines is analogous to the number of flags or beams on notes or rests in standard notation.
- In the present-day jianpu system, the melody is notated alone or with chords. Harmonic and rhythmic elements are left to the discretion of the performers.